Global Risk Governance programme
Phellecitus Thuli Montana is a PhD Candidate in the School of Government and International Affairs (SGIA) at Durham University. Her PhD is centred on the politics and ethics of water security in Cape Town, South Africa, following the 2015-2018 water crisis.
Research in the Art of Resilience project, Global Risk Governance programme, has taken a look at the effects of people opting for off-grid solutions in response to recent periods of drought.
Recent publications give an overview of the Global Risk Governance programme research project ‘the Art of Resilience’, a joint project with the International Centre for Comparative Criminology (CICC), University of Montreal and the Global Risk Governance, Programme, UCT. The aim of the project is to understand how security professionals are responding to disruptive and unanticipated events. A key lens for this analysis is exploring how such professionals use the concept of resilience to understand and act across unfamiliar domains which are currently poorly secured - namely the ‘new worlds’ of the Anthropocene and cyberspace.
Simpson, Nicholas & Shearing, Clifford & Dupont, Benoit. (2020). 'Partial functional redundancy': An expression of household-level resilience in response to climate risk. Climate Risk Management. 28. 10.1016/j.crm.2020.100216
This article extends ecological framings of resilience into socio-ecological and governance domains for urban infrastructure managers concerned with climate risk. Under moments of disruption, reliable and equitable access to adequate provision of public goods is anticipated to be increasingly challenging in cities across the world due to observed and anticipated disruptions of climate change and variability on city-wide infrastructures. Many cities facing such conditions are seeing rapid population and infrastructure growth enhancing exposure and vulnerability.
This article by Nick Simpson and Clifford Shearing, GRG, together with Benoit Dupont, University of Montreal, illustrates how mentalities govern private responses to risk. This article highlights the importance of mental frames in the selection of adaptation pathways.
Most people imprisoned in Nepal for wildlife crime share two things in common: they did not understand the seriousness of their offense, and they had little conception of how profoundly it would impact not only their lives but also the lives of their families.
According to Annette Hübschle, a criminologist at the University of Cape Town in South Africa, who was not involved in the Nepal research but has interviewed rhino poachers in South Africa and Mozambique, the study provides “important, novel perspectives” on the motivations, drivers and impacts of people who engage in wildlife crime in Nepal. Yet she would have liked to see a deeper analysis on whether historical injustices, land evictions and political marginalization motivated people to retaliate or seek to reclaim land perceived as unfairly taken from them. Hübschle also wonders whether offenders agree or disagree with anti-poaching rules. In southern Africa, for example, some communities contest the illegality of poaching, pointing out that hunting was their right prior to colonization. In Nepal, she says, “future research might want to explore this in more detail.”
This edition of the ESI highlights explores the re-imaginings that ESI members are undertaking, their efforts in reshaping responses to new harmscapes and what spurs them on in their quest - be it an out-of-the-box podcast or a book worth re-reading.
A recently published journal article in the Journal of Business Ethics by Ralph Hamann, Lulamile Makaula, Gina Ziervogel, Clifford Shearing and Alan Zhang titled 'Strategic Responses to Grand Challenges: Why and How Corporations build Community Resilience' is available online through open-access. The article explores why and how corporations seek to build community resilience as a strategic response to grand challenges.
Dr Annette Hubschle, a senior researcher, with the Global Risk Governance programme, Law Faculty, University of Cape Town, has been appointed to the National Wildlife Poisoning Prevention Working Group (NWPPWG).
Dr Tariro Kamuti, SANBI postdoctoral fellow, in the Global Risk Governance programme, Law Faculty, UCT, has a recent opinion piece in The Conversation titled 'South Africa's struggle to manage wildlife ranching.'
Special Issue on Governing Energy Transitions, of the Environmental and Planning Law Journal (EPLJ Vol 36 Part 5), co-edited by Cameron Holley, Amanda Kennedy, Tariro Mutongwizo and Clifford Shearing.
Among scholars of law and crime and practitioners of public safety, there is a pervasive view that only the public police can or should protect the public interest. Further, the prevailing perception is that the public police pre-dominantly governs through crime—that is, acts on harms as detrimental to the public good. We argue that governing harm through crime is not always the most effective way of producing public safety and security and that the production of public safety is not limited to public police forces. An approach of governing-through-harm that uses a variety of noncrime strategies and private security agents as participants in public safety is often more effective— and more legitimate—than the predominant governing- through-crime approach.