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Annette Hübschle


Dr Annette Hübschle is a senior research fellow in the Public Law Department at the University of Cape Town. She is responsible for the  Global Risk Governance programme's  Environmental Futures project. She is also the African and wildlife trafficking lead on the European Research Council-funded TRANSFORM project, short for Trafficking transformations: objects as agents in transnational criminal networks. Annette also supervises Master’s and PhD students in the Law Faculty and teaches seminars on wildlife crime, securitization and community-based conservation.

Annette holds a PhD in Social Sciences and Economics from the International Max Planck Research School on the Social and Political Constitution of the Economy and the University of Cologne and a Master of Philosophy in Criminology from the University of Cape Town. While studying towards her PhD, Annette was a member of the Illegal Markets research group at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Germany. In the past, Annette worked as a senior researcher for the Institute for Security Studies, a pan-African applied policy institute. She led and conducted research into organised crime and terrorist financing in Africa. Annette has worked as a researcher, consultant, and practitioner on a variety of organised crime, environmental security, and broader African security issues. She also acts as a senior research advisor to the Global Initiative against Transnational Organised Crime and is a member of the South African Department of Environmental Affairs-appointed task force against wildlife poisoning, the IUCN Green Criminology Specialist Group, IUCN commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy and IUCN Species Survival Commission on Sustainable Use and Livelihoods Group, Environmental Restorative Justice Network and several academic and policy review boards.

Her current research focuses on the governance of safety and security with a specific focus on illegal wildlife economies and environmental futures, as well as the interface between licit and illicit economies and criminal networks. Annette and Clifford Shearing are working on a joint book project that explores why African rural communities might participate in illegal and legal wildlife economies and how alternative, community-oriented strategies can build community resilience against organised wildlife crimes. Pragmatic Conservation: Conservation, the illegal wildlife trade and local communities will be published by Routledge in 2021.



Dewey, M., Dohmen, C. Engwicht, N. and Hübschle, A. 2019: Schattenwirtschaft: Die Macht der illegalen Märkte. Berlin: Wagenbach.

Hübschle, A. 2016. A Game of Horns: Transnational Flows of Rhino Horn.


Mackenzie, S.,  Hübschle, A. and  Yates, D. 2020: Global Trade in Stolen Culture and Nature as Neocolonial Hegemony. In: Blaustein, J., Fitz-Gibbon, K., Pino, N.W. and White, R. (eds.) The Emerald Handbook of Crime, Justice and Sustainable Development. Emerald Publishing Limited. 419-437.

Hübschle, Annette, 2019: Fluid interfaces between flows of rhino horn. In: A. Amicelle, et al. (eds.), The Policing of flows: Challenging contemporary criminology. London: Routledge.

Hübschle, A. 2017. Contested illegality: Processing the trade prohibition of rhino horn. In Beckert, J. and Dewey, M. (eds) The Architecture of Illegal MarketsOxford University Press.


Hübschle, Annette, 2019: Wildlife poisoning in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area White River: WWF Khetha & USAID.

Hübschle, Annette with Mafaro Kasipo. 2018. Gendered perspectives in law enforcement and fisheries crime: A Global South perspective. Vienna: LE Femmes, Pesca Dolus.

Hubschle, A., with Shearing, C. 2018. Ending wildlife trafficking: Local communities as change agents. Geneva: Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime. 1-48.


Hübschle, A., Dore, A. & Davies-Mostert, H. 2021. Focus on victims and the community: applying restorative justice principles to wildlife crime offences in South Africa. The International Journal of Restorative Justice, 4(1) :141-150 doi: 10.5553/TIJRJ.000068

Gore, M.L., Hübschle, A., Botha 2020. A conservation criminology-based desk assessment of vulture poisoning in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation AreaGlobal Ecology and Conservation.

Hübschle A. 2017. On the Record: Interview with Major General Johan Jooste (Retired), South African National Parks, Head of Special Projects. South African Crime Quarterly 60: 61-68.

Hübschle, A. 2017. Organized environmental crimes: Trends, theory, impact and responsesSouth African Crime Quarterly (with Andrew Faull).

Hübschle, A. 2017. Fluid interfaces between flows of rhino hornGlobal Crime 1-20.

Hübschle, A. 2017.  Economy of Rhino Poaching: Of Economic Freedom Fighters, Professional Hunters and Marginalised Local People. Current Sociology. 65 (3): 427 - 447.

Hübschle, A. 2016. Wildlife Crime: Why Do Local Communities Poach? Analyzing Organized Crime Blog.

Hübschle, A. 2015.  Sociology and opportunities for organised crime researchEconomic Sociology: The European Newsletter, Vol. 16(3).

Hübschle, A. 2014. Of Bogus Hunters, Queenpins and Mules: The Varied Roles of Women in Transnational Organized Crime in Southern AfricaTrends in Organized Crime, 17:1–2.

Hubschle, A. 2012. Organized crime and law enforcement in Southern Africa: The challenges confronting researchSADC Law Journal, Vol. 2(2). (co-authored with Elrena van der Spuy)

Hubschle, A. 2011. From Theory to Practice: Exploring the Organised Crime-Terror in Nexus in Sub-Saharan AfricaPerspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 5(3-4):81-95. 

Hubschle, A. 2010. Organised Crime in Southern Africa: First Annual Review, ISS Special Report, 2010.