It has become a truism that policing is no longer the exclusive domain of the police, but is rather carried out by a wide range of public, private and voluntary actors. Over the past three or so decades, our comparative understanding of ‘plural policing’ has moved forward considerably. An ever-growing number of scholars have contributed towards the process of mapping out both the multiplicity of actors tasked with delivering policing functions on the ground and the array of regulatory structures responsible for steering these functions from above. Much less is known, however, about what happens when these policing actors and regulatory structures interact with one another on a daily basis. This new book series aims to address this gap.
Vulture declines are uniquely problematic for socioecological systems because they are nature's most important scavengers. Intentional and unintentional poisoning, human-wildlife conflict, energy infrastructure, belief-based use, and illegal hunting activities remain threats to vulture populations across Africa. Conservation stakeholders have identified evidence that a number of vulture species in particular ecosystems are being systematically targeted by poisoning with potentially significant effects on human, wildlife and ecosystem health. We explored the extent to which an interdisciplinary expert-team approach linking conservation and criminology could help inform efforts to prevent poisoning of Africa's vultures. Annette Hubschle, is one of the co-authors of this article.
Phellecitus Thuli Montana is a PhD Candidate in the School of Government and International Affairs (SGIA) at Durham University. Her PhD is centred on the politics and ethics of water security in Cape Town, South Africa, following the 2015-2018 water crisis.
Research in the Art of Resilience project, Global Risk Governance programme, has taken a look at the effects of people opting for off-grid solutions in response to recent periods of drought.
Recent publications give an overview of the Global Risk Governance programme research project ‘the Art of Resilience’, a joint project with the International Centre for Comparative Criminology (CICC), University of Montreal and the Global Risk Governance, Programme, UCT. The aim of the project is to understand how security professionals are responding to disruptive and unanticipated events. A key lens for this analysis is exploring how such professionals use the concept of resilience to understand and act across unfamiliar domains which are currently poorly secured - namely the ‘new worlds’ of the Anthropocene and cyberspace.
Simpson, Nicholas & Shearing, Clifford & Dupont, Benoit. (2020). 'Partial functional redundancy': An expression of household-level resilience in response to climate risk. Climate Risk Management. 28. 10.1016/j.crm.2020.100216
This article extends ecological framings of resilience into socio-ecological and governance domains for urban infrastructure managers concerned with climate risk. Under moments of disruption, reliable and equitable access to adequate provision of public goods is anticipated to be increasingly challenging in cities across the world due to observed and anticipated disruptions of climate change and variability on city-wide infrastructures. Many cities facing such conditions are seeing rapid population and infrastructure growth enhancing exposure and vulnerability.
This article by Nick Simpson and Clifford Shearing, GRG, together with Benoit Dupont, University of Montreal, illustrates how mentalities govern private responses to risk. This article highlights the importance of mental frames in the selection of adaptation pathways.
Most people imprisoned in Nepal for wildlife crime share two things in common: they did not understand the seriousness of their offense, and they had little conception of how profoundly it would impact not only their lives but also the lives of their families.
According to Annette Hübschle, a criminologist at the University of Cape Town in South Africa, who was not involved in the Nepal research but has interviewed rhino poachers in South Africa and Mozambique, the study provides “important, novel perspectives” on the motivations, drivers and impacts of people who engage in wildlife crime in Nepal. Yet she would have liked to see a deeper analysis on whether historical injustices, land evictions and political marginalization motivated people to retaliate or seek to reclaim land perceived as unfairly taken from them. Hübschle also wonders whether offenders agree or disagree with anti-poaching rules. In southern Africa, for example, some communities contest the illegality of poaching, pointing out that hunting was their right prior to colonization. In Nepal, she says, “future research might want to explore this in more detail.”
This edition of the ESI highlights explores the re-imaginings that ESI members are undertaking, their efforts in reshaping responses to new harmscapes and what spurs them on in their quest - be it an out-of-the-box podcast or a book worth re-reading.
A recently published journal article in the Journal of Business Ethics by Ralph Hamann, Lulamile Makaula, Gina Ziervogel, Clifford Shearing and Alan Zhang titled 'Strategic Responses to Grand Challenges: Why and How Corporations build Community Resilience' is available online through open-access. The article explores why and how corporations seek to build community resilience as a strategic response to grand challenges.