Annette Hübschle


Dr Annette Hübschle is a senior research fellow with the Global Risk Governance programme (GRGP).  She is responsible for the  Environmental Futures project. She is a research fellow with the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and affiliated with the Centre of Criminology where she supervises and mentors postgraduate students. Annette holds a Ph.D. in Social Sciences and Economics from the International Max Planck Research School on the Social and Political Constitution of the Economy and a Master of Philosophy in Criminology from the University of Cape Town.

Before joining UCT, Annette was a doctoral researcher in the Illegal Markets research group at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Germany. In the past, Annette worked as a senior researcher for the former Cape Town office of the Institute for Security Studies, a pan-African applied policy institute. She led and conducted research into organized crime and terrorism in Africa. Annette has worked as a researcher, consultant, and practitioner on a variety of organized crime, environmental security, and broader African security issues. She also acts as a senior research advisor to the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime.

Her current research focuses on the governance of safety and security with a specific focus on illegal wildlife economies and environmental futures, as well as the interface between licit and illicit economies and criminal networks. Annette and Clifford Shearing are working on a joint book project that explores why African rural communities might participate in illegal and legal wildlife economies and how alternative, community-oriented strategies can build community resilience against organized wildlife crimes. Conservation, the illegal wildlife trade and local communities will be published by Routledge in 2020.



Dewey, M., Dohmen, C. Engwicht, N. and Hübschle, A. 2019: Schattenwirtschaft: Die Macht der illegalen Märkte. Berlin: Wagenbach.

Hübschle, A. 2016. A Game of Horns: Transnational Flows of Rhino Horn.


Hübschle, Annette, 2019: Fluid interfaces between flows of rhino horn. In: A. Amicelle, et al. (eds.), The Policing of Flows: Challenging Contemporary Criminology. London: Routledge.


Hübschle, Annette, 2019: Wildlife poisoning in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area White River: WWF Khetha & USAID.

Hübschle, Annette with Mafaro Kasipo. 2018. Gendered perspectives in law enforcement and fisheries crime: A Global South perspective. Vienna: LE Femmes, Pesca Dolus.

Hubschle, A., with Shearing, C. 2018. Ending Wildlife Trafficking: Local Communities as Change Agents. Geneva: Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime. 1-48 pp. Available online:


Hübschle A. 2017. "On the Record: Interview with Major General Johan Jooste (Retired), South African National Parks, Head of Special Projects." South African Crime Quarterly 60, no. June (2017): 61-68.

Hübschle, A. 2017. “Organized environmental crimes: Trends, theory, impact and responses,” South African Crime Quarterly,  (with Andrew Faull)

Hübschle, A. 2017. “Fluid interfaces between flows of rhino horn”Global Crime 1-20.

Hübschle, A. 2017. “Contested illegality: Processing the trade prohibition of rhino horn”, chapter in Beckert, J. and Dewey, M. (eds) The Architecture of Illegal MarketsOxford University Press (August 2017)

Hübschle, A. 2017.  Economy of Rhino Poaching: Of Economic Freedom Fighters, Professional Hunters and Marginalised Local People. Current Sociology. 65 (3): 427 - 447.

Hübschle, A. 2016. Wildlife Crime: Why Do Local Communities Poach? Analyzing Organized Crime Blog, (published online May 23).

Hübschle, A. 2015.  Sociology and opportunities for organised crime researchEconomic Sociology: The European Newsletter, Vol. 16, No. 3, July 2015.

Hübschle, A. 2014. Of Bogus Hunters, Queenpins and Mules: The Varied Roles of Women in Transnational Organized Crime in Southern AfricaTrends in Organized Crime, 17, 1–2, 2014.

Hubschle, A. 2012. Organized crime and law enforcement in Southern Africa: The challenges confronting researchSADC Law Journal, Vol. 2, Issue 2, October 2012. (co-authored with Elrena van der Spuy)

Hubschle, A. 2011. From Theory to Practice: Exploring the Organised Crime-Terror in Nexus in Sub-Saharan AfricaPerspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 5, No. 3-4, 2011. pp 81-95. 

Hubschle, A. 2010. Organised Crime in Southern Africa: First Annual Review, ISS Special Report, 2010.