South African Crime Quarterly Volume 60
South African Crime Quarterly Vol. 60 is a special issue on organised environmental crime. This issue is guest edited by Annette Hübschle of the Institute of Safety Governance and Criminology.
Once considered peripheral matter, wildlife crimes have moved up global security and policy agendas. The UN General Assembly, for example, adopted two resolutions to tackle wildlife crimes in 2015 and 2016, while South Africa and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have declared wildlife trafficking a priority crime issue. Nevertheless, a plethora of protective and regulatory measures has failed to disrupt the consumer markets and criminal networks that allow these trades to flourish. Several contributions to this issue suggest that for such measures to have an impact, they must be implemented and shared by a range of networked stakeholders. One contribution suggests that a ‘whole of society’ approach is best suited to the task, while others suggest there are lessons to be learned from the global response to Somali piracy, and from INTERPOL’s National Environmental Security Taskforce (NEST) model.
An empirical contribution offers insight into the lives of anti-poaching community scouts working in southern Mozambique, adjacent to South Africa’s Kruger park. It describes the social stigma and exclusion that some scouts encounter in their communities and suggests that such programmes will only be effective when wildlife economies produce clear benefits for local communities.
Two commentary pieces challenge conventional thinking on wildlife crime. One argues that the crime-related loss of natural resources, such as rhino, should be considered a form of cultural victimization against people, while another argues that rangers should ‘shoot-to-kill’ poachers in protected parks. In the ‘On the Record’ feature, the head of the South African National Parks’ Special Projects (anti-poaching) team, Major General Johan Jooste (Ret.), reflects on the challenges of law-enforcement in South Africa’s Kruger National Park, including whether ‘shoot-to-kill’ has any merit.
Table of contents - SACQ 60
Organised environmental crimes: trends, theory, impact and responses
Annette Hübschle and Andrew Faull
- Society and the rhino: A whole-of-society approach to wildlife crime in South Africa
- Inclusive anti-poaching? Exploring the potential and challenges of community-based anti-poaching
Francis Massé, Alan Gardiner, Rodgers Lubilo and Martha Ntlhaele Themba
- Poachers and pirates: Improving coordination of the global response to wildlife crime
Olga Biegus and Christian Bueger
- Responding to organised environmental crimes: Collaborative approaches and capacity building
Rob White and Grant Pink
Commentary and analysis
- Heritage lost: The cultural impact of wildlife crime in South Africa
- Live by the gun, die by the gun: Botswana’s ‘shoot-to-kill’ policy as an anti-poaching strategy
Goemeone EJ Mogomotsi and Patricia Ke lwe Madigele
On the record